UN Secretary-General Guterres addressed the climate ambition summit, calling for the world to enter a “climate emergency.”
Guterres said that the 5th anniversary of the Paris Agreement has been reached, and the world has still not been moving in the right direction. The Paris Agreement promised to keep the global average temperature rise within 1.5 degrees Celsius from the pre-industrial level as much as possible.
However, the promises made in the Paris Agreement are far from enough, let alone these promises are far from being fulfilled. The current carbon dioxide level is at a record high, and the temperature is 1.2 degrees Celsius higher than the pre-industrial level. If no change is made, the temperature increase could reach a catastrophic 3 degrees Celsius this century.
Guterres called on world leaders to declare their country into a “climate emergency” until it achieves carbon neutrality. He said that about 38 countries have already done so, and hope other countries can do the same.
Guterres stated that the main goal of the United Nations in 2021 is to establish a truly global carbon neutral alliance by the middle of this century. To achieve this goal, we need to start now, achieve a 45% reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 2010, and achieve net zero emissions by 2050.
Guterres called on all countries to take advantage of the opportunity to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and put the economy and society on a green path in line with the United Nations’ 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. He also urged developed countries to fulfill their pledge of providing 100 billion U.S. dollars in climate finance to developing countries each year by 2020.
Guterres called on all countries to “stop attacks on our planet and ensure the future of our children and grandchildren” and strive to achieve the world’s promise of net zero emissions.